Google's vision for India: Fast Wi-Fi for everyone, 2G-ready Play Store, and YouTube Go.
At its Google for India event, the search giant talked about connecting the next billion users. Google is looking to India as a key market for growth, and as such the company is debuting a host of new features that will be exclusive to Indian users initially. Google kicked things off by talking about the incredible growth in the country, stating that every single second, three Indians are making their way online for the first time.
Caesar Sengupta, Google's VP for Next Billion Users, outlined the company's vision:
Our goal has not just been to help more Indians get online — but also to help Indians create the online experience they want; one that serves their needs and enables them to have an impact on the entire world. So we have been thinking about how to build products and services for this wave of new users — products that work for any level of connectivity, in local Indian languages, and across the devices that are most frequently used in India.
The company's free Wi-Fi initiative got off to a great start, and Google is now expanding the platform. With average broadband speeds hovering around the 3Mbps figure, Google is optimizing its services to work better on 2G connections. Here's what's in store for Indian customers.
Play Store gets optimized for 2G.
We're starting to see 4G networks take off in India, but the reality is that a majority of customers still rely on 2G connectivity. To provide a better experience to these users, Google is kicking off a version of the Play Store that is optimized to work on 2G connections. Users in the country will be able to schedule app downloads, and Google is also offering a "Wait for Wi-Fi" option that defers app downloads to save on cellular costs.
YouTube Go is designed for offline usage. Building on the Smart Offline feature that debuted earlier this year, YouTube Go lets users easily download videos. The app shows how large a particular file is before the download commences, and users have the ability to choose 720p and Full HD content for offline viewing as well. The app also shows previews of videos, giving users more options when it comes to managing their data bandwidth.
In a statement, YouTube product management VP Johanna Wright said:
YouTube Go is a brand new app to help the next generation of users share and enjoy videos. YouTube Go was designed and built from the ground up with insights from India, in order to bring the power of video to mobile users in a way that is more conscious of their data and connectivity, while still being locally relevant and social.
If you're interested, you can now sign up for YouTube Go.
Save entire pages and videos with Chrome.
Chrome has a built-in Data Saver mode that compresses data, and starting today, the feature works with MP4 videos as well. All downloaded content is accessible from a new Downloads tab, and Google is claiming that the feature will see bandwidth savings of up to 67%.
Localized Allo and Duo.
Google's smart AI utility — Google Assistant — made its debut with Allo. The Assistant currently has limited support for Hindi, but Google has announced that native Hindi support will be added before the end of the year. Hindi is the fourth most-spoken language in the world, and by allowing conversations with the Google Assistant in Hindi, Google has the potential to attract a large customer base for Allo.
Google also talked about its video messaging app Duo, stating that after the U.S., India is the second-largest market for the app. Give how well Duo works 2g youtube download on poorly-optimized connections, I'm not surprised.
Knock knock! Most Duo users are from India and the US. Also, coming soon: The Google Assistant in Hindi. #GoogleForIndia pic.twitter.com/jXejchZmmb.
Free Wi-Fi for everyone.
Since making its debut last year, Google's public Wi-Fi initiative has amassed 3.2 million active users, with 15,000 joining every day. 52 railway stations across the country now offer free Wi-Fi, and the service is set to go online at over 100 stations by the end of the year.
Google is now expanding on its earlier missive with Google Station, an initiative that sees the company partnering with "large venues and organizations, network operators, fiber providers, system integrators and infrastructure companies" to make fast, reliable Wi-Fi accessible. Partners signing up also have the ability to monetize Google Station hotspots by rolling out access fees or ads.
300 million users have made their way online in India, and that number is set to double over the next four years. Google hasn't fared particularly well when it comes to making accessible devices with the Android One program, but its latest initiatives should find more success. Most companies don't offer enough in the way of localization for Indian users, but by adding native Hindi support in Google Assistant and allowing users 2g youtube download to converse in their local languages, Google is on the right path.
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Download Speeds: What Do 2G, 3G, 4G & 5G Actually Mean?
You can access the internet on your 2g youtube download smartphone using either a 2G, 3G, 4G or 5G connection. Find out how download speeds compare.
When it comes to mobile internet download speeds, terms like 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G are often used. Referring to four different generations of mobile technology, each of them gives a very different download speed.
Older 2G connections give a download speed of around 0.1Mbit/s, with this rising to around 8Mbit/s on the most advanced 3G networks. Speeds of around 60Mbit/s are available on 4G mobile networks in the UK (but this can be substantially higher in other countries like the US). Next-generation 5G mobile networks are targeting a download speed of over 1,000Mbit/s (1Gbit/s).
In this article, we take an in-depth look into the topic of download speeds and see how 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G mobile networks compare. We’ll also consider the real-world speeds and how they’ll impact upon your actual day-to-day usage.
What is Download Speed?
The “download speed” is a measure of the rate at which data can be transferred from the internet to your smartphone. This data might be a web page or a photo you’re viewing, or it could be an application or video you’re downloading to your smartphone.
In its rawest form, download speeds are measured in “bits per second” (bps) where a “bit” is a one or zero in binary. More commonly, however, we talk about download speeds in “megabits per second” (Mbit/s), where 1 Megabit is equal to 1,000,000 bits.
In general, a faster download speed normally mean that content from the internet loads faster and with less of a wait. A faster download speed also supports higher-quality streaming (e.g. you might be able to watch higher definition video as it downloads without encountering buffering). Download speeds aren’t the full picture however: there is also the related concept of latency (discussed below) that affects the responsiveness of your internet.
2G, 3G, 4G & 5G Download Speeds.
The following table shows a comparison of download speeds on various flavours of 2g youtube download 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G mobile networks. The icon column refers to what you’ll most likely see in the notification bar of your smartphone when using one of these networks.
Generation Icon Technology Maximum Download Speed Typical Download Speed 2G.
GPRS 0.1Mbit/s The latest iPhone supports Category 16 LTE-Advanced.
In order to access a certain technology, you’ll need both a mobile phone and a mobile network that supports it. For instance, if you wanted to access Category 6 LTE-Advanced, you’ll need a mobile phone that supports it and a mobile network that has coverage in your area.
Most modern smartphones now support 4G technology, but they often differ in the maximum download speeds supported, or the maximum “category” of LTE they support. Some of the latest flagship smartphones like the iPhone XS and Galaxy S9 now support up to Category 16 LTE-Advanced.
Mobile networks will also differ in terms of the maximum download speeds and coverage they offer. In the UK, it’s possible to get up to Category 9 speeds on EE and Vodafone (up to 450Mbit/s), and up to Category 6 speeds on O2 and Three (up to 300Mbit/s) at the time of writing. In other countries, however, it often looks quite different. For instance, in the United States, it’s possible to get up to Category 16 speeds (up to 979Mbit/s) on all of the major mobile networks including AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile and Verizon.
Impact on Download Times & Streaming.
The following table shows how expected download times compare across the different technologies:
Activity 4G Download Time 3G Download Time 2G Download Time Accessing typical web page 0.5 seconds 4 seconds 3 minutes Sending an e-mail without attachments For this comparison table, we have used the average download speeds of 30Mbit/s (4G LTE Cat6), 4Mbit/s (3G HSPA+) and 0.1Mbit/s (2G EDGE). Typical file sizes used in our calculations: 2MB for a webpage, 10KB for a basic e-mail, 2MB for a high-quality photograph, 5MB for a music track and 30MB for a typical application download.
We haven’t listed 5G download times in the table above but it’s safe to say they would all download near instantaneously!
Netflix is a video streaming application.
When it comes to certain applications that “stream” data, your connection will need to support a minimum download speed. This is because content from the internet is being shown on your phone at the same time as whilst you’re downloading it (a concept commonly known as “streaming”). If the content can’t be downloaded at a sufficient speed, you’ll experience pauses during playback (also known as “buffering”).
Applications that make use of streaming include voice over IP (e.g. calling via Skype or WhatsApp), online video apps (e.g. Netflix and YouTube) and online radio. The following table shows minimum download speeds you would require for this content to play smoothly without buffering:
Activity Required Download Speed Skype/WhatsApp phone call 0.1Mbit/s Skype video call 0.5Mbit/s Skype video call (HD) 1.5Mbit/s Listening to online radio 0.2Mbit/s Watching YouTube videos (basic quality) 0.5Mbit/s Watching YouTube videos (720p HD quality) 2.5Mbit/s Watching YouTube videos (1080p HD quality) 4Mbit/s Watching iPlayer/Netflix (standard definition) 1.5Mbit/s Watching iPlayer/Netflix (high definition) 5Mbit/s Watching iPlayer/Netflix (4K UHD) 25Mbit/s.
A 3G connection or better should normally be able to sustain most of 2g youtube download these activities. Having a faster 4G connection may also allow you to stream higher quality content (e.g. watching Netflix in 4K Ultra HD quality).
Besides download speed, latency is another really important concept that affects the experience you’ll get on your smartphone. It’s also known as the “lag” or “ping” if you’re familiar with online gaming.
When your mobile phone wants to download some content from the internet, there is an initial delay before the server on the other end starts to respond. Only once the server has responded, it will then be possible for the download to progress. For example, if it takes 0.5 seconds for the server to initially respond and then 1 second for the file to download, you’ll need to wait a total of 1.5 seconds for the download to complete.
High latency connections can cause web pages to load slowly, and can also affect the experience in applications that require real-time connectivity (e.g. voice calling, video calling and gaming applications).
Across 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G technologies, there’s a major difference in the latency you can expect:
Generation Typical Latency 2G 500ms (0.5 seconds) 3G 100ms (0.1 seconds) 4G 50ms (0.05 seconds) 5G 1ms (0.001 seconds)*
* The target latency of a 5G connection is 1ms (theoretical). Other figures are based on real-world usage.
Many people argue that the benefits of 5G are more from having reduced latency and increased capacity rather than having faster download speeds. This is because the download speeds available on 4G are already fast enough for most uses (e.g. 5Mbit/s is already more than enough for high-definition video). However, despite faster download speeds not making a huge difference here, the reduction in latency from 5G technology will help overall response time.
The reduced latency of 5G technology is particularly important for some of the newer embedded applications of mobile technology. For instance, a connected car travelling on the motorway at 70mph (110km/h) would travel almost 2 meters in the amount of time it takes for a 4G mobile network to respond. The lower latency of a 5G connection will allow mobile technology to be used more safely in cars.
Download Speeds & Download Limits.
Download speeds shouldn’t directly affect how much data you consume. This is because the web pages you visit and the files you download are still the same size (and hence will consume the same amount of data) regardless of which connection type you have. There are, however, two key exceptions to this:
Adaptive Streaming on Videos. Some video providers (e.g. YouTube and Netflix) automatically adjust the quality of videos depending on what your connection can handle. For instance, you might receive standard-definition video on a 3G connection and high-definition video on a 4G or 5G connection. This may increase the amount of data you consume as you move to a faster connection. Increased Engagement. The increased download speed and improved experience of a faster internet connection may encourage you to consume more content and to use your phone more regularly on-the-go.
For both of these reasons, we’d typically advise choosing a larger data allowance when moving to mobile network or tariff offering faster download speeds.
Kbit/s, Mbit/s, Gbit/s.
There are 1,000 kilobits in a megabit (1000kbit = 1Mbit) and 1,000 megabits in a gigabit (1,000Mbit = 1Gbit). This means a 1Mbit/s connection is twice as fast as a 500kbit/s connection. Wikipedia has a full explanation.
In everyday life, it is most useful to talk